As every ecosystem is a complex and sensible organization of carefully mixed life forms, their progressive decline may accelerate climate change and vice versa, influencing flora and fauna composition and distribution, resulting in the permanent loss of biodiversity. Climate changes effects are the principal topics of this book.
Literature on losses
Article 8 of the Paris Agreement identifies areas of cooperation and facilitation to enhance understanding, action and support. Among these are circumstances that may involve irreversible and permanent loss and damage. For these types of impacts, a range of approaches, beyond insurance, may apply. The resources below shed light on the state of current research in this area.